Lomnica - the top of the mountain

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LOMNICA

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Lomnica (Slovak Lomnický štít, German Lomnitzer Spitze, Hungarian Lomnici-csúcs) - the second highest altitude (2634 or 2632 m above sea level) after Gerlach (2655 m above sea level) - an outstanding peak of the Tatras, located in the Slovak part of the High Tatras. In 1860 he was considered the highest in the Tatra Mountains for more accurate measurements.

From the 15th century it was a coat of arms of the Berzevichs of the Great Lomnice and was also considered a symbol of the Spiš Tatras. In the 17th and 19th centuries, as in many other places in the Tatra Mountains, mining works were carried out at Łomnica (in the area of Miedziane Ławki). The first known ascent was made by Jakob Fabri senior (a member of the mining family in the area) between 1760 and 1790. The first tourist entrances include the following: Robert Townson with two hunters on 17 August 1793, Stanisław Staszic with guides on 21 August 1802 or 1804. In winter, Theodor Wundt with his guide Jakob Horvay was the first to climb the mountain on 27 December 1891.

Until 1870 Lomnica was the most visited peak of the High Tatras. Writer Jadwiga Luszczewska came to Spiš only to see Lomnická, President Ludvík Svoboda was there several times on foot. Lomnica played an important role in the history of conquering the Tatra Mountains. Stanisław Staszic went out on it to carry out experiments with magnetism. Maksymilian Nowicki wrote in 1867: Whoever is confident in his legs and free from dizziness, it is easy for him to climb onto it and descend from it. In 1891, the German mountaineer Theodor Wundt climbed the mountain in difficult winter conditions.

Leading Polish mountaineers took part in the struggle to conquer the difficult 250-400 m high western wall. On August 8, 1929, Wiesław Stanisławski, Antoni Kenar and Aleksander Stanecki passed it (its left part), on June 21, 1930, another road (its right part) passed through Wincenty Birkenmajer and Kazimierz Kupczyk. Jan Kazimierz Dorawski wrote about the second road that probably nothing in the Tatra Mountains can be surpassed.

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